Towards the Practical Realisation of the Concept of Equal Pay for Equal Work in Ghana: Some Comparative Lessons from South Africa and the United Kingdom
Authors Theophilus Edwin Coleman & Letlhokwa George Mpedi
Affiliations: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Centre for International and Comparative Labour and Social Security Law, Faculty of Law, University of Johannesburg, South Africa; Research Associate, Research Centre for Private International Law in Emerging Countries, Faculty of Law, University of Johannesburg, South Africa; Professor of Labour and Social Security Law and Vice-Chancellor and Principal (Designate), University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Source: Industrial Law Journal, Volume 44 Issue 1, 2023, p. 28 – 50
The Constitution of Ghana and the Labour Act provide that all workers in Ghana are entitled to equal pay/remuneration for equal work. The practical realisation of equal pay for equal work is also a global goal embodied in key international instruments. Notwithstanding this, the meaning and scope of the concept have proven somewhat difficult to understand. Some countries have promulgated legislation and statutory guidelines to provide clarity. In Ghana, the operational aspects of the concept have not yet been fully explored. In addition, Ghanaian courts have not been approached to pronounce on its scope. While the government of Ghana has introduced some wage determination structures to give effect to the concept, unfortunately these apply only to public-sector workers. This article seeks to advance arguments on the practical realisation of equal pay for equal work or work of equal value in the Constitution and Labour Act. It discusses the meaning of the concept under international law. It also draws some legislative and judicial lessons from the legal position in South Africa and the United Kingdom on the various approaches to equal pay claims. The article suggests that Ghana take legislative steps to provide clarity and a comprehensive framework to govern the various aspects of equal pay for equal work and work of equal value.