Impact of the AfCFTA Agreement on Customs Revenue: case of Togo

Author: Bayoma Wili Samara

ISSN: 2709-8575
Affiliations: Macroéconomiste-financier, Chef Section budget, Direction des finances, Office Togolais des Recettes, TOGO
Source: African Multidisciplinary Tax Journal, 2023 Issue 1, p. 237–253


The problem of loss of budgetary revenues with the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement remains a concern, especially for the least developed countries. The losses resulting from the removal of tariff barriers deserve to be assessed in order to allow public authorities to establish mitigating measures. Drawing from this perspective, this paper aims to quantitatively assess the impact that the AfCFTA agreement has on Togo’s customs revenue. Using the differential method of current and future tariff regimes, the results of the study estimate the total loss in Togolese customs revenue during the first three years of the implementation of the Agreement at 30.9 billion CFA. This loss represents up to 0.25 per cent of the GDP and 22.67 per cent of the customs revenue collected, which could further widen the country’s budget deficit, and consequently compromise the financing of its development needs. Faced with such a situation, the Togolese state should carry out major internal tax reforms and public policy, consisting among others of broadening its national tax base, promoting the facilitation of intracontinental trade, and supporting the private sector through financial mechanisms in order to contribute to their competitiveness in light of the competition from other foreign companies.